This paper provides a synthetic presentation of digital citizenship in Madagascar.
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
In 2016, Madagascar was 56th in the global rankings published by Reporters Without Borders, a climb of six places relative to the year before. A new press code was enacted by parliament in July 2016.
Some data is available on the Open data for Africa website; however, open data is not a priority.
Apprentice reporters abound on Madagascar's social media.
News about strikes, social movements and political demonstrations is widely circulated via the main social networking sites.
This is undoubtedly the underlying reason for the passing in 2014 of an anti-cybercrime law that provides for prison sentences for anyone publishing “insults" or “defamations" against government representatives by electronic means.
Cyberactivists: Term covering various forms of militancy practised with the aid of the internet. Africtivistes, the African association of cyberactivists for democracy, held its first meeting in Dakar in November 2015.
Open data: Open data is both a movement, a philosophy of access to information and the practice of publishing data so that it is freely accessible and usable. It forms part of a trend whereby state information is regarded as a common good whose dissemination is in the public interest.
Open Government Partnership (OGP): The Open Government Partnership is a multilateral partnership which aims to promote transparency in government activity and open it up to new forms of collaboration and joint action with civil society, in particular through the exploitation of digital and other new technologies. The OGP is run on a collegial basis involving both governments and civil society. The presidency of the organisation is currently held by France, for a one-year term which began in September 2016.
Democracy Index: Founded by the Economist Group in 2006, the Democracy Index assesses the level of democracy in 167 countries. Evaluations are based on 60 criteria grouped into five categories, namely electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation and political culture. Countries are scored on a scale from 0 to 10. Each country is then classified as a full democracy, flawed democracy, hybrid regime or authoritarian regime according to its score.